Why Women Live Longer Than Men

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Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. Why do women live so longer than men, and ماذا يحدث بين الزوجين في الحمام بالصور why has this advantage increased in the past? The evidence is limited and we have only limited solutions. Although we know that there are behavioral, biological and environmental variables which play a significant role in women who live longer than males, we aren't sure how much each factor contributes.

In spite of the amount of weight, we are aware that at a minimum, the reason women live so much longer than men today but not in the past, has to have to do with the fact that some fundamental non-biological factors have changed. These are the factors that are changing. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Some are more complex. For ماذا يحدث بين الزوجين في الحمام بالصور (sneak a peek at this web-site.) example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As we can see, all countries are above the diagonal parity line - this means in all countries the newborn girl is likely to live for longer than a newborn boy.1

It is interesting to note that the advantage of women exists in all countries, difference between countries is huge. In Russia women live for 10 years longer than men. In Bhutan, the difference is just half a year.

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In rich countries the advantage of women in longevity was previously smaller.
Let's look at how female longevity advantage has changed in the course of time. The chart below shows male and female life expectancies at birth in the US from 1790 until 2014. Two points stand out.

There is an upward trend. Women and men in America live longer than they used to a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is widening: While the advantage of women in life expectancy was once quite small however, it has grown significantly over time.

If you select the option "Change country from the chart, you are able to check that these two points also apply to the other countries having available data: Sweden, France and the UK.